Skilled and less-skilled child comprehenders were presented four images (the target, for example, cake, and three distracters) while listening to sentences in which all objects satisfied the semantic requirements of the verb (e.g., Jane watched her mother choose the cake ) or only one.
The results showed that all groups produced more correct responses and were faster with nouns than all the verbs together.
This finding adds further support to previous claims that verbs implicitly introduce their arguments as the verb is recognized (e.g., ; Mauner and Koenig, 2000 ; Kamide., 2003a ; ; ;, 2007 ).
The authors suggested that this data supported the hypothesis that grammatical morpheme deficit in children with SLI depended at least in part on limited processing capacities.In the target-present condition, each display comprised the target object (e.g., hamster a phonological competitor (e.g., hammer ) and two unrelated distracters.In addition, under this account, SLI childrens performance will be more like that of linguistically-matched control children (i.e., MLU-matched) than of age-matched controls.Moreover, across both groups, the effect of sentence context was reduced in individuals with relatively poor language skills.In that case, they only had to activate the semantics of the verb and choose the best visual referent to finish the sentence.This could probably be attributed to the flexible word order of Spanish, which allows the canonical positions of the verbs arguments and adjuncts to be changed.Only a small number of studies have analyzed SLI childrens use of adjuncts.These findings do not clearly point to a single source of verb-related problems.However, similar slower time courses have been reported with adolescent English speakers.However, the proportion of looks at the theme, source/goal and instrument referents were significantly higher than the looks at the locatives.In our study, we selected arguments and adjuncts.Open in a separate window Proportion of looks at theme (te instrument (it locative (la) and source/goal (lm) referents in verb and adverb window in SLI group.I know he has crushed a lot of people before, Argento told The New Yorker.This interpretation is based on the idea that the degree of knowledge represented in childrens semantic verb lexicon causes children with SLI to exhibit more argument omissions and fewer thematic roles, argument structure types and verb alternatives than their peers (e.g., ; ; Sanz-Torrent.The second was an experimental sex cam mobiele sentence-naming task based on event video observation.In the verb window (10002000 ms results showed no significant effects of neither argument type F 1(3,306).497,.060; F 2(3,80).746,.528 nor due to group F 1(3,102).147,.93; F 2(3,80).072,.975 or the interaction between these two.For example, in the sentence.This kind of stuff cant happen.In contrast, in language comprehension, the semantics of the verb enables the anticipation of subsequent information, facilitating processing time.In regard to children, only a handful of eye-tracking studies have explored the use of verb information to achieve anticipatory processing.
However, they made more and shorter fixations on target objects than the skilled comprehenders.
Grela argued that these results supported the notion that grammatical errors in both children with SLI and their younger, normal counterparts could be due to problems in processing complex linguistic information, rather than limitations in linguistic knowledge.
Experiments 2 and 3 revealed that, for all the groups of children, the anticipatory eye movements were also modulated by the semantic fit/typicality of the object serving as the patient/theme of the verb.
The black vertical line in the graphs divides the two temporal windows selected for analysis of the anticipatory eye movements at the target.